How to Care for Snake plants?
Snake plant is a family of succulents and is one of the most famous and popular houseplants; Popular because, despite its beauty and variety of species, it is easy to maintain and is a hardy plant. As a result, if you are new to growing houseplants, Sansevieria is definitely a good choice for you because of its easy maintenance. Continue reading this article in TooPlant in order to learn more about Snake plant and the basic care of them.
Introduction of Sansevieria Houseplant
Native: West Africa, notably Madagascar, southern Asia
Scientific name: Sansevieria trifasciata
Common name(s): Mother-in-Law’s Tongue, Snake Plant
Snake plant is a very beautiful and hardy plant that is known by different names. Sansevieria is an evergreen plant, has low toxicity and belongs to Africa and Asia. Plant enthusiasts often use it as an ornamental plant. Snake Plant is also an air purifier. It absorbs polluted and harmful particles into the air and turns them into harmless molecules.
Snake Plant grows well in small pots because in a small space the rhizomes are compact and the underground stems are closer together. This makes the plant grow faster. Snake Plant is propagated by special underground structures called “rhizomes”. The new plant is formed by the growth of these rhizomes. These rhizomes grow independently of the main plant so that they can eventually form new mature plants.
Although this plant is very hardy, this does not mean that they are not taken care of. Simple and concise care is enough to have a beautiful and healthy Sansevieria with a long life.
In this article, we want to provide you with information about how to care for the Snake plant, so stay tuned with Tooplant.
How many types of Sansevieria are there?
Types of Sansevieria are as follows:
– Sansevieria ‘Black Gold’: The leaves of this type of Sansevieria are dark green with a beautiful golden stripe around them.
– Sansevieria ‘Futura Robusta’: It is the shortest type of Sansevieria. It has shiny green leaves and dark green streaks on its surface.
– Sansevieria ‘Futura Superba’: This type of Sansevieria is like Sansevieria ‘Black Gold’. It is only slightly smaller and has wider leaves.
– Sansevieria ‘Cylindrica’: Sansevieria ‘Cylindrica’ is the most specific form of Sansevieria. Because its stems are round and look like a bamboo plant.
– Sansevieria ‘Hahnii’: It is the brightest kind of Sansevieria. Its beautiful leaves, along with its thick golden edges and traces of light green in the middle, make it one of the most beautiful types of Sansevieria.
– Sansevieria ‘Black Robusta’: Among its green leaves, there are streaks of silver.
– Sansevieria ‘Black Jack’: It is very similar to Sansevieria ‘Black Gold’ but a little shorter.
Care for Snake plants
After the introduction, we will address the method of caring for a Snake plant:
Sansevieria quickly adapts to the environment; That is, it continues to grow even in very bright light; Even artificial light, such as the fluorescent light bulbs found everywhere today, can eliminate the need for censorship of light.
This makes Snake Plant a suitable houseplant and low light resistant plant, but the ideal light for this indoor plant is indirect and relatively high light.
As a result, it is better to place it near the south window, which is sunnier than other parts of the house.
Adequate light causes the excess water to evaporate to some extent and the plant will not be flooded if overwatered.
Sansevieria planted in white pots on a wooden table with copy space.
In the reminder, concerning the tips of caring for a Snake plant, it is better to know that Snake Plant needs very little water to grow, and it is best to check the soil once every two weeks and only water it if it is very dry.
Temperature and Humidity
Snake plant is resistant to both temperature and humidity, and low or high humidity, as well as low or high temperatures, have little effect on its growth; But in order to provide the best conditions for the plant, it is necessary to keep it in an environment with a balanced temperature and, most importantly, with low temperature changes as well as moderate humidity. In addition, the plant should not be exposed to wind, cooling and heating devices.
Snake Plant prefers heavy soils such as sand, a mixture of sand, clay and organic matter. Therefore, when changing the pot and providing suitable conditions for its maintenance, pay attention to this point.
If you are planning to plant Sansevieria in your garden, you need to pay attention to the soil and light it needs. The best soil pH range for censored growth is between 4.5 and 7.5.
Choose a part of the garden that is slightly shaded and at the same time has enough light. In other words, the plant should be planted in the garden in such a way that it does not receive direct sunlight.
So it can be said that soil is another basic and important issue in caring for Snake plants.
In what follows, concerning the methods of caring for a Snake plant, we will address how to fertilize this plant:
Like all houseplants, if you want to see more Sansevieria grow during maintenance, you need to fertilize it. Therefore, it is better to use diluted fertilizers to strengthen the plant. Fertilizers with a ratio of 10-10-10 are suitable fertilizers for this purpose.
For Sansevieria planted in the garden and outside the pot, choose a fertilizer similar to the fertilizer you use for pot Snake plant with the same ratio and composition only in liquid form. Weeds will probably grow in the garden and around Sansevieria after fertilization, in which case we recommend that you prune them regularly so that they do not empty the soil of rich substances and prevent the plants from growing.
Sansevieria can be planted in pots or in the garden. If you choose to keep this in a pot, you will need an earthenware pot.
The pot should be wide and almost short in height. Because the Sansevieria root watering system works better in shallow soil.
Also pay attention to proper drainage of the pot, because the accumulation of water in the soil and around the roots, causes rot and destruction of plant roots.
In what follows, concerning the methods of caring for a Snake plant, it is better to know that Snake plant is slightly toxic, but only if you eat it; It is true that Snake Plant is a good source of fiber, but never try it. Eating Snake Plant causes swelling and numbness of the tongue and is dangerous. Therefore, we recommend that you keep it out of the reach of children and animals that may chew its leaves.
How do I get my Snake plant to bloom?
In the rest, concerning the methods of caring for a Snake Plant, we will address how do I get my Sansevieria to bloom?
Sansevieria flowers have a green to white color spectrum and are pollinated by butterflies.
Of course, Sansevieria generally does not produce many flowers.
It may grow only a few flowers on its stems, but instead grows small rhizomes around it that turn into beautiful Snake plants over time!
How to Propagate Snake Plant?
Continuing the methods of caring for a Snake plant, we will address how to propagate this plant:
Sansevieria grows and propagates in a variety of ways, such as sowing seeds, cuttings, or putting leaves in water. The easiest way is to plant Snake Plant seeds in the soil or culture medium you are considering. Although this method is simple, it is not used much, because it takes a long time for the seeds to germinate.
Another way is to remove some of the healthy leaves of the plant and plant them in the soil.
After a while, these leaves will take root and a new Snake Plant will grow from each root. (The root means the same as the rhizome.) In addition to these two ways, you can also use water to propagate Snake Plant.
To do this, separate a young leaf from the Sansevieria and dip it in a glass of water. Change the water every few days to see new roots after a few weeks.
Once the roots are large enough, it is time to transfer the plant to your own pot.
Caring for Snake plants: Common Pests and Diseases
The main pests that threaten Snake Plant are mealybugs and baby spiders. These pests suck the sap of the plant and gradually cause the leaves to plasticize. Therefore, if you do not destroy them in time, they can destroy the whole plant.
In addition to sucking the sap of the plant, these pests can sometimes cause the leaves to become sensitive by creating cavities and sores on the leaves; So that due to the slightest pest or disease, the plant does not resist and dies.
The solution to getting rid of these pests is simple and requires a little patience and time. Regarding mealybugs, we must say that mealybugs are visible. Then examine the plant and if you see them, remove them from the plant with a napkin.
To prevent mealybugs from attacking, you can spray a little alcohol on the surface of the leaves. But in the case of baby and spider eggs, you should always keep the leaves clean. Because the baby and the spider egg are not easily visible to the lice. As a result, regularly clean the leaves of the plant and increase the humidity of the ambient air. Because it keeps insects and pests away from the plant.
This plant is more prone to fungal diseases that are often caused by overwatering and humidity; So that if the surface of the leaves is constantly wet, the fungi will grow quickly in that place and will cause weakness, wilting and eventually redness of the leaves.
As a result, if the plant’s leaves begin to turn red and brown and white patches form on them, the white patches, which usually look like spider webs and turn brown over time, make sure the plant gets sick and needs immediate treatment. To treat the plant in this condition, it is necessary to remove the plant from the soil and remove the infected and diseased roots. Then move the plant to new, suitable soil.
Our advice to you is to always keep your plant in a condition that does not suffer from fungal diseases because fungal diseases quickly cause rot and eventually death of the plant. To do this, always keep the Sansevieria leaves dry, water the plant well enough (neither more nor less) and allow the soil to dry and water the plant again. In addition, use well-drained soils and always keep the ambient temperature balanced to prevent excessive humidity and during the maintenance of the Snake Plant, your Snake Plant will not get the fungal disease.
Snake Plant problems and their solutions (The good tips for Caring for Snake Plants)
Continuing the methods of caring for a Snake plant, we will address Snake Plant problems and their solutions:
Swelling and stench of Sansevieria leaves:
If you give the plant too much water, you should expect this to happen; Too much water destroys the leaf cells and eventually causes the leaves to swell and smell bad. In such cases, immediately remove the damaged leaves and correct the discharge before all the leaves are involved. While checking that the plant is not infected with fungal disease, in this case, be sure to do the same steps as we did in the previous section.
Why Are Sansevieria Leaves Turning Yellow?
Yellowing of Snake Plant leaves is due to lack of light and depletion of nutrients. To solve this problem, move the plant to a brighter place with indirect light and use suitable fertilizers to compensate for soil nutrients.
Yellowing, wilting, and dropping of Snake plant leaves are the result of overwatering. In such cases, reduce the amount of water and the frequency of watering. Do not forget to water the Snake Plant soil until it is completely dry. If the soil is wet for a long time, it will destroy the roots. If your Sansevieria leaf is yellow, do not worry, do not water the plant for a few days and let it dry completely. After a few days, the leaves regain their freshness, while the leaves are not too yellow, otherwise, if the leaves are too yellow and the plant can not improve itself, you must remove the leaf from the plant.
Cause of drying of the tip of the Snake Plant leaf
There are three main reasons why Snake Plant leaves dry out:
- Your plant is thirsty
- Received too much light
- Ambient temperature is high
Check the plant soil for the first reason; If you dip your finger into the soil of the pot, your plant needs watering if it is the size of a fingertip or more of dry soil. As for the second reason, check how much light your Sansevieria environment has, and if you feel the ambient light is too much, move the plant to a more balanced environment.
For the third reason, similar to the second reason, check the environment for temperature, and if the ambient temperature was high, move the plant to a lower temperature environment. You can also spray water around the plant or place a container of water near the plant to provide surface moisture to balance the plant and balance the temperature.
Cause of damage and breakage of Sansevieria leaves
Excessive touching or tapping on the surface of the Sansevieria leaves can cause such problems for the leaves; Because Snake Plant has delicate leaves.
Therefore, it is better to place it in a place away from a lot of traffic and away from children’s playgrounds so that it does not collide with it. Also, be careful when moving and carrying it, and do not get hit or damaged while moving.
How to increase the humidity around Sansevieria? (The essential tips in the care of Snake Plants)
Planting several plants together in one pot can be a good way to increase humidity.
This allows enough water to reach all the plants and less water to be absorbed by the soil.
You can also put two pots together. To do this, place the pot in which you planted the plant in a larger pot.
Fill the space between the two pots with enough fertilizer and keep it moist at all times.
Another way is to use humidifiers. You can place your plants in a room and use this device to increase the humidity.
Can we control and treat Snake Plant using pesticides?
The answer is no. Snake plant diseases are often caused by improper watering that is not soluble in chemicals. Of course, you can spray a little alcohol on the leaves, but the best way to prevent the problem is to improve the irrigation method.
Make sure that enough water reaches the roots but does not accumulate in the soil. If the soil is not completely drained and does not allow excess water to pass through, it will cause the roots to rot and eventually the plant to die.
What are the benefits of keeping Snake Plant at home?
In the reminder, concerning the tips of caring for a Snake plant, it is better to know the benefits of keeping Snake Plant at home are as follows:
1. Air purification
Snake Plant is an air purifier and has the ability to purify the air in your home. As you know, the air you breathe is made up of various elements such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, other gases and even dust, some of which are necessary and some of which are toxic and harmful. For example, gases such as Trichloroethylene, Benzene, Formaldehyde, Xylene and many other gases are harmful to human health.
Here are some ways to take care of Snake plant. Consider Trichloroethylene gas, which can cause headaches, nausea, and, in acute cases, coma!
Benzene also irritates the eyes, slows the heart rate and reduces alertness.
Formaldehyde causes inflammation of the muscles and stimulates the larynx and vocal cords. Xylene also causes problems for the heart, kidneys and liver. Given this, maintaining Snake Plant is not only useful but necessary, especially if you live in a city center.
2. Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM)
Crassulacean acid metabolism is one of the most important reasons why most people choose Snake Plant for their bedroom and bathroom.
CAM is a type of plant activity cycle. Plants in the CAM category absorb carbon dioxide from the air during the day and release oxygen at night. You have probably heard that you should not place too many plants around your sleeping area, as they absorb oxygen from the air for photosynthesis and reduce air quality, which is dangerous when you are asleep, but Sansevieria is different! Snake Plant can increase the amount of oxygen in the air by converting carbon dioxide into oxygen at night and improve the air you breathe. This is why Snake Plant is recommended to increase the quality of sleep.
3. Help eliminate bad air odor
One of the most important things to keep in mind when caring for Snake plants is that no matter if you are at work or sitting at home watching your favorite show, bad breath is always annoying.
Consider a newly painted room, the smell of paint and chemicals in that room is not tolerable, especially for children; In such a situation, you should get help from Snake Plant! Sansevieria purifies the air and at the same time eliminates the bad smell of the environment.
If you put Snake Plant in the room, you no longer have to worry about the bad smell of chemicals. So if you work in beauty salons or environments that constantly use different chemicals, it is better to place a Sansevieria near you.
4. Suitable for making handicrafts
Are you interested in making simple jewelry, a rope or even a bow for your child? Sansevieria is ready to help you again! Do not throw away any dried Snake Plant leaves. Just put them in water for 3 weeks and then peel them. Once you have removed the skin, you can use the fiber inside the leaves to make decorative accessories.
Infographic of Care for Snake plants
In this article, we tried to explain to you in an infographic the essential tips in the care of Snake plant to briefly and usefully learn the methods of caring for this plant.
Snake Plant is an attractive houseplant! You can use it beautifully in your home decoration, it both beautifies the space and purifies the air. Sansevieria is a great choice for home, work and even public environments. It is enough to provide enough light and water for it. Reproduce it easily to have more of this amazing plant or give it to your friends. Enjoy keeping and watching your beautiful Snake Plant!
In this article, we tried to provide you with the necessary information about the methods of caring for a Snake plant. However, if you have any questions regarding this indoor plant or you need to get advice from our houseplant experts, please share your questions with us through the comments section below.