How to Care for Pothos Houseplants?
Pothos is one of the best rambler houseplants that is very easy to maintain at home, especially for beginners in the field of flowers and plants, and it grows and stays healthy in any situation. Please stay tuned to TooPlant to become familiar with the methods of caring for a Pothos houseplant.
Introduction of Pothos Houseplant
Native: Mo’orea in the Society Islands of French Polynesia
Scientific name: Epipremnum aureum
Pothos has been one of the most popular house plants since ancient times and plays a major role in oxygenation and purification of air from toxins and negative energies. Pothos is very fast growing and alone can turn a room into a forest in a short time. As much as they like indirect, bright sunlight, they grow well in low light. They can also live in a glass of water or a pot of dry soil.
How Many Types of Pothos Are There?
There are different types of Pothos that differ in the color, amount of light and appearance of its leaves. Now you are familiar with different species of Pothos:
Types of Pothos and their caring methods
Types of Pothos house plant are as follows:
1. Satin Pothos
The beautiful silver effect on the leaves of Satin Pothos makes it a special and beautiful indoor plant. This Pothos is a great choice for shelves and almost any environment. Satin Pothos is an air purifier that cleans the air of pollutants such as formaldehyde and carbon monoxide.
2. Golden Pothos (Devil’s ivy)
Golden Pothos is undoubtedly one of the most prominent houseplants. Its attractive green leaves, which are beautifully combined with yellow and gold, in addition to its stylish and unique appearance, give it the ability to harmonize with the environment. In a way that grows in almost any environment and fills the space with its beauty.
You know it’s a rambler plant, so you can use it to cover a private window or even put it on a bookshelf. Another name for this plant is Devil’s ivy! Because this particular type of Pothos can grow even in very dark areas without being seen by anyone. But it is better to put it in a place where neither he nor you are bothered!
Care for Pothos Houseplants
After the introduction, we will adress the method of caring for a Pothos houseplant.
Pothos grows well in high but indirect sunlight, but can grow well in low to moderate light. However, in low light, the growth rate of the plant also slows down.
Pothos also grows in fluorescent light bulbs, which sets it apart from most house plants (which grow only in sunlight).
It is better to rotate your plant once in a while. So that all parts of it receive equal sunlight. This improves the photosynthesis process of the plant.
Do not over-water the Pothos. Drowning causes the plant to die. If there is a lot of light on the plant, water the Pothos when the soil moisture is almost halved. But if there is little light, reduce the amount of water.
In what follows, concerning the methods of caring for a Pothos houseplant, it is better to know that to improve Pothos growth, add liquid fertilizer every two weeks in spring and summer.
Toxicity: Are Pothos safe for humans?
If the Pothos plant is eaten, it is toxic to children and pets.
Benefits of the Pothos for health
Pothos is an air purifier that cleans the air of pollutants such as formaldehyde and carbon monoxide.
Why Are Pothos Leaves Turning Yellow?
7 Common causes for yellowing leaves on Pothos houseplants include the following:
1. Improper fertilization
All plants need fertilizer for better growth, and Pothos is no exception. But sometimes you may decide not to fertilize Pothos, especially if you have planted it in suitable soil. However, if you notice the yellowing of your Pothos leaves, you may have applied too much or too little fertilizer to the plant.
If you plant your Pothos in a pot with normal soil, the soil will not be able to provide all the nutrients it needs to grow, and the plant will need fertilizer to grow healthily. The way is simple, fertilize the plant once every three months when it grows!
2. Inadequate lighting
Not all plants need a lot of sunlight to grow, and Pothos is one of them. As you know, Pothos is a houseplant and, like all house plants, needs a moderate amount of light. But it can grow very well in low light. If it is exposed to too much direct sunlight, its leaves will start to turn yellow or show signs of sunburn.
3. Bad weather
Pothos can grow in an environment with a temperature between 21 and 32 degrees and the minimum tolerable temperature for it is 10 degrees Celsius. Placing Pothos outdoors may expose it to cold weather, resulting in yellowing of the leaves.
4. Excess moisture
In the rest the methods of caring for a Pothos houseplant, we must say that overwatering can cause yellowing of leaves or root rot. If you constantly watering the plant in high quantities, the soil will always remain wet and will cause the whole plant to rot. Accumulation of food, fluids and minerals in the leaves will weaken them and cause them to turn yellow. If you do not improve the watering, the leaves will dry out and fall on you!
5. Improper watering
Undoubtedly, Pothos needs water. But the issue is whether it is high or low. If the leaves turn yellow, you should check your watering pattern. If the roots of the plant did not rot and you did not watering the plant too much, the problem is probably lack of water.
Overwatering of the houseplant causes damage to the roots. This prevents the roots from properly delivering the nutrients and fluids from the soil to different parts of the plant, which will eventually lead to yellowing of the leaves.
6. Spider mites
Spider mites are another culprit for the yellowing of Pothos leaves. Spider mites are a serious threat to most plants, and the worst thing about them is that they are very small and not easily seen. Especially if you just take a look at the plant.
If the Pothos houseplant is attacked by these mites, its leaves will turn yellow, rough and fragmented. In this case, spray lukewarm water on all parts of the plant to get rid of them. Then, spray water and soap solution on the plant. Do this every two weeks.
7. Fungal infection
This occurs due to overwatering of the plant. If you water the indoor plant before the soil dries, the soil will always be wet, thus forming an ideal substrate for fungal growth.
Fungal disease can deprive the plant of essential nutrients, which can eventually cause root rot. Under these conditions, while the leaves turn yellow, they may wither completely. Regular spraying of water on the plant can also attract fungi to the house plant, which will lead to yellowing and wilting of the leaves.
Yellowing of the leaves is not always a bad sign
Like any other houseplant, older Pothos leaves may turn yellow or fall off. This is done to provide more space for the young leaves to grow. Therefore, if the leaves of the Pothos turn yellow, those that are not near the end of the stem indicate that this process is normal. So do not worry if you notice yellowing of the leaves. Especially if you checked all the above and found that everything is in order.
Examine the plant to see if the yellow leaves are closer to the bottom of the plant. If so, it’s perfectly normal and you do not need to take action. Yellowing of old leaves is very common in most indoor plants, sometimes old leaves fall off and new foliage grows.
Can a Pothos live in Water?
Sometimes the presence of soil causes a little clutter, uncleanness and neglect of proper watering of the plant. That’s why it is not bad to sometimes use plants in water! Pothos is a tropical plant that can also take root in water and grow well. All you need for this is a cheap glass pot, a little water and liquid fertilizer.
This process does not require expensive tools and equipment or special fertilizers, and a beautiful Pothos can be easily grown through it.
– To start, you need to choose a clean and transparent pot. Even jars of jam are good for this. The clear pot helps you to easily see the root changes.
– Fill the container with clean water. Tap water is usually suitable because most house plants can grow well in it. But if tap water in your area contains high amounts of chlorine, it is better to pour it into an open container and let it stand overnight. Do this before each watering of each indoor plant.
– Add fertilizer. Add a few drops of fertilizer to the water before placing the cuttings in the water. Any type of liquid fertilizer is suitable for Pothos houseplants.
– Put the plant in a pot. Now you can place your cuttings in the water. Make sure that the cut parts are completely surrounded by water. After a few weeks, you will see lovely roots on the cuttings. At this time, the roots grow taller and the cuttings are ready to grow new Pothos.
– Change the water every 2-3 weeks. Water loses its oxygen over time, so we recommend emptying old water every 2-3 weeks and pouring fresh water into the pot.
– Make sure the roots are below the water surface. Some of the roots or some of them grow upwards, which of course is good and useful. But most roots must be covered with water. It is easy and does not require any skills! Just look at the surface of the water and pour enough water into the pot to cover the roots.
– Fertilize every 4-6 weeks. Dilute the fertilizer to a quarter of the recommended strength. (One part fertilizer in three parts water) Add this diluted fertilizer to the pot every 4-6 weeks.
– Eliminate algae whenever necessary. You may want to use special chemicals to kill the algae, but these substances can cause serious damage to the Pothos. It is better to use an old toothbrush or a small cloth and remove the algae from the pot by rubbing. You can also wash the pot thoroughly. In this case, transfer the plant to another pot filled with fresh water and clean the main pot well.
How to Choose the Best Fertilizer for Pothos (Caring for Pothos Houseplants)
In what follows, concerning the methods of caring for a Pothos houseplant, it is better to know that Pothos does not need much fertilizer to grow. But since potting soil does not have enough nutrients, it is necessary to fertilize houseplants.
You can use a balanced 20-20-20 fertilizer for it every 2-3 months during the growing season. Liquid fertilizer is the best choice. Dissolve this fertilizer in half the recommended concentration in water and add it to the soil while watering the plant. Autumn and winter are not good times to fertilize Pothos, as it is resting and growing these days.
Be careful not to over-fertilize the indoor plant, as this will cause salts to accumulate in the soil and burn the roots over time. Fertilize the house plant when it is not in a stressful situation. A plant that is completely dry or submerged in water should receive fertilizer at another time and after returning to normal conditions.
How to propagate Pothos houseplants?
This houseplant is easily propagated by separating cuttings and planting them in soil or water. Follow the procedure below to prepare Pothos cuttings:
Select about 15-10 cm from the stem and cut just below the knot. Ideally, this cuttings should have at least 4 leaves and two knots.
Pothos can be propagated in both water and soil. But once the rooting process begins, it will be very difficult to change the growth environment. If you put the cuttings in water, the plant should stay in the water until it grows. The same is true of soil. In other words, let the young plant grow a little in the initial environment and do not move it quickly.
What Are the Common Pothos Houseplant Problems?
After a description of care for Pothos houseplants, we will explain the problems and their solutions:
– The cause of yellowing is overwatering or lack underwatering.
– Excessive dryness of the Pothos house plant, which causes the stems and leaves of the plant to fall off and drought.
– If the green leaves are pale, move the flower to a brighter environment.
– If the leaves are pale and the light intensity is high, move the flower to a lower light environment.
– The presence of white sores on the plant, ie Pothos, is infested, use pesticides.
– There were many brown spots on the leaves, ie watering the plant, between each watering the surface of the pot should be dry.
– If the leaves wrinkle, which means it is very cold, move the plant to a warmer place.
How to Keep Pothos House Plants from Drying Out? (The good tips for Caring for Pothos Houseplants)
If your Pothos has fallen leaves or is withering; Most likely a little dry. Insufficient watering is one of the main reasons for this. The way to prevent it is quite simple, just touch the soil surface with your finger a few centimeters and if it is dry, water the plant.
Checking the weight of the pot is also a good way, if the pot was too light and easy to lift, it means the plant does not have enough water.
Sometimes, despite proper watering, the pot is very dry. This is because drainage is very fast and the plant does not have a chance to absorb water. In this case, it is better to put the plant in water for a few hours to be well watered and absorb the required water from below.
Infographic of Care for Pothos Houseplants
In this article, we tried to explain to you in an infographic the essential tips in the care of Pothos Houseplants, so that you can briefly and usefully learn the methods of caring for this plant.
In this article, we tried to provide you with the necessary information about the methods of caring for a Pothos houseplant. However, if you have any questions regarding this indoor plant or you need to get advice from our houseplant experts, please share your questions with us through the comments section below.