How to Care for Monstera Houseplants?
Monstera or, as some say, Swiss cheese plant, is one of the plants that is very much on the market these days and has many fans and is used for interior decoration. This plant, with its beautiful and attractive leaves, originally belongs to Mexico. Continue reading this article in TooPlant in order to learn more about Monstera houseplants and the basic care of them.
Introduction of Monstera Houseplants
Common name(s): Monstera, Split leaf Monstera, Swiss Cheese Plant
Scientific name: Monstera Deliciosa, Philodendron Monstera
Monstera is a hardy plant that does not require much maintenance. It has many species. It has long roots and the bright white leaves of the Monstera do not have much ability to absorb sunlight.
This indoor plant needs more photosynthesis than other plants. So do not place it in low light places. Monstera houseplant is easy to care for and has beautiful leaves. The strong pillar of the plant has made him always firm and upright.
Care for Monstera Houseplants
After the introduction, we will address the method of caring for a Monstera houseplant:
Monstera can grow well in any part of your home! Although it is resistant to different amounts of light, but to have faster growth and a healthier plant, it is better to always expose it to indirect sunlight because too much light will cause the leaves to turn yellow and damage the plant.
Too little light is not good for it, because it slows down growth or even stops it. Monstera likes to be in the shade. Moderate room temperature and plenty of sunlight are what this house plant wants from you.
The higher the ambient temperature, the more water and moisture the Monstera will need. A little moisture is needed for the plant soil, in other words, it is better to watering it after the soil dries so that it does not get wet and flooded. Whenever the upper half of the soil is dry, water it well. Continue watering until excess water comes out from under the pot and then empty the bottom of the pot of any water and in summer you can spray the plant. Clean Monstera leaves with a damp cloth and avoid chemical shine sprays.
Humidity and Temperature
This houseplant can grow well in almost any environment. The warm and humid environment is ideal for this beautiful plant and it grows quickly in such conditions. A temperature of 13 degrees is ideal for this plant. If you want to take care of the Monstera houseplant in the best possible way, you can moisturize it once a week. Do this with a water spray. The best time to wet the leaves of plants is the beginning of the day. Because the water will have enough time to evaporate and the leaf will get sick.
Do not place Monstera near doors or appliances. Because changes in humidity and temperature damage Monstera and weaken it. By creating an island under the Monstera pot, you can provide the moisture needed by the plant.
In what follows, concerning the methods of caring for a Monstera houseplant, we will address how to fertilize this plant:
For best results, and if you want to always see fresh and lush leaves, fertilize your plant once a spring and summer. A small amount of liquid fertilizer is enough to clearly improve the growth of Monstera. You should not fertilize the plant in winter, Monstera should rest at this time and spend some time without fertilizer.
Monstera leaves are slightly toxic to humans and pets. Eating them usually causes inflammation of the mouth and stomach and vomiting. So keep this houseplant out of their reach.
How to Make Monstera Leaves Grow Faster?
This is one of the most frequently asked questions about Monstera houseplant care. Our answer in the first step is light!
There are no shortcuts to caring for plants, in fact the cause of all their problems can only be summarized in how they are cared for. Monstera must be in a well-lit environment to grow further.
That is, right next to the skylight! In addition to light, you need other factors such as warm weather, well-drained soil and good fertilizer.
Caring for Monstera Houseplants: Common Pests and Diseases
After a description of care for Monstera houseplants, we will explain the problems and their solutions:
What Causes Brown Spots on Monstera Houseplants Leaves?
There are several reasons for the appearance of brown spots on the surface of the leaves of this house plant:
1. Inadequate soil moisture
If the tips of the leaves are turning brown, the problem is probably due to soil and watering. If the soil dries out too quickly or is not watered enough, you will see the tips and edges of the Monstera leaves turn brown. Never allow all soil to dry out. Water thoroughly and deeply, so that no part of the soil is dry. This is a very important issue.
2. Fungal problems
If your indoor plant has brown spots on the leaf surface, the spots are surrounded by a yellow halo, you will see the early signs of fungal disease.
If the plant is left in a wet and humid condition for a long time, the fungi will attack it. Especially if there is no proper air circulation around the plant and roots. Note that sometimes this problem is associated with a newly purchased plant, so we recommend that you never buy from stores that do not take proper care of their plants.
If you notice spots with the same characteristics on the leaves, it is better to remove all infected leaves from the plant. Keep the other leaves completely dry for a while and be careful not to wet them when watering. These two are the main causes of Monstera browning. If this is not the case with your plant, check the watering rate.
Why Are Monstera Leaves Turning Yellow?
In the reminder, concerning the methods of caring for a Monstera houseplant, it is better to know that often, the reason for the yellowing of the leaves of this plant is related to the amount of watering.
If you notice that the lower leaves of the plant (especially the old leaves) are turning yellow, you should water the plant. If the soil is too dry, the old leaves will first turn yellow. If you do not give enough water to the plant, it will continue to turn yellow. But if the young leaves of the plant were changing color, or you felt that the problem with your plant was not too dry; You should consider other reasons.
Sometimes yellowing of the leaves occurs as a result of over-watering. Place the plant in a place that can receive enough indirect sunlight to allow the soil to dry well. Always let the soil surface dry and then water the plant.
Another reason is the lack of essential elements. So yellowing of leaves is a good opportunity to fertilize fig leaves. Choose a suitable liquid fertilizer and add it to the plant while watering.
Why Are My Monstera Leaves Drooping?
In the rest the methods of caring for a Monstera houseplant, we must say that this happens due to dryness or excessive wetting of the soil. Whenever you notice the beginning of the drooping process, you should measure the soil moisture. Is it completely dry? If yes, water it quickly enough. But if you feel that Monstera is drooping and the soil is too wet, it means that the plant is suffering from root rot.
If the plant pot does not have multiple drainage cavities, the risk of root rot will be greatly increased. In this case, remove the plant from the pot and examine the roots well. Can you see the rotten part? Does the soil have an unpleasant odor? Now you need to remove the dead parts of the root and clean their soil as much as possible. Then re-plant the clean, soil-free roots in another pot with fresh soil.
New Monstera leaves are turning brown or black before they open. What’s wrong?
If the young leaves of your plant turn brown or black before they are fully open; The plant is suffering from soil moisture imbalance. This means that the watering process by you is very inappropriate.
Never allow the soil to dry out completely and at the same time avoid overwetting it. Whenever the soil surface is dry, water the plant and do not add any more water to the soil until it dries again.
Infographic of Care for Monstera Houseplants
In this article, we tried to explain to you in an infographic the essential tips in the care of Monstera houseplants, so that you can briefly and usefully learn the methods of caring for this plant.
In this article, we tried to provide you with the necessary information about the methods of caring for a Monstera houseplant. However, if you have any questions regarding this indoor plant or you need to get advice from our houseplant experts, please share your questions with us through the comments section below.